Public Health Policies

Advanced and Popular System for Nursing and Upbringing of Children

The Democratic People’s Republic of Korea keeps a solid socialist system for the nursing and upbringing of children under which preschool children are raised in nurseries and kindergartens at state and public expenses.

After liberation from the Japanese imperialists’ military occupation in August 1945, the country was in difficult economic conditions. However, Kim Il Sung, leader of the new Korea, saw to it that a lot of state funds were provided for setting up nurseries and kindergartens in towns and at industrial establishments and state farms and for their proper operation, thus establishing a system for nursing and bringing up children under public care.

Even during the Fatherland Liberation War (June 1950-July 1953) the national leader made sure that the work continued to raise children under public care and took measures to set up lots of baby homes and orphanages to admit and bring up war orphans.

After the war the country laid the foundations for the independent national economy and established a socialist system. Now Kim Il Sung indicated directions, contents and ways for the nursing and upbringing of children so as to develop the relevant state arrangement on a full scale.

While making sure that the ranks of nursery governesses and kindergarten teachers were further consolidated, the national leader saw that the number of nurseries and kindergartens were increased considerably, that weekly kindergartens were established and that a nationwide and all-people campaign took place to lay material foundations for nurseries and kindergartens. In particular, he saw to it that industrial establishments and cooperative farms allocate best buildings for nurseries and kindergartens on the preferential basis, and that the State produced and supplied quality toys and tasty and highly nutritive foodstuffs to children.

Kim Il Sung made sure that the law on the nursing and upbringing of children was adopted for the purpose of fixing legally and consolidating and developing the achievements made in nursing and bringing up children.

The country keeps the nursing and upbringing of children entirely at state and public expenses, and thus children get equal benefits from the state and society regardless of their parents’ occupation and the quantity and quality of work done by the parents.