Uibangryuchwi (Manual of Traditional Medicine of Korea, 266 vols.) is a medical encyclopedia compiled in Korea in the 15th century. The book gives excellent therapies, prescriptions, acupuncture and moxibustion treatments, and folk remedies that had been used in the East, particularly in Korea, up to the 15th century. Not a few prescriptions it suggests are being used in the contemporary clinical practices.
A copy of the first edition printed in copper type in 1477 was plundered and taken to Japan during Japan’s invasion of Korea (1592–1598), and now they are kept in secrecy by the Book and Tomb Management Bureau of the Department of the Imperial Household, Japan.
Regretfully, none of the copies are to be found in Korea.
Thanks to a measure taken by President Kim Il Sung and Chairman Kim Jong Il the Medical Publishing House translated the classic into modern Korean and published it from Juche 63 (1974) to Juche 69 (1980). It is compiled into 20 divisions, each containing the contents corresponding to 13 of the old volumes on average. As a result the book was restored as treasure of the nation.